This paper presents the formal verification of the Ricart-Agrawala
algorithm for distributed mutual exclusion of an arbitrary number of
nodes. It uses the Temporal Deductive Methodology of [MP95a].
We establish both the safety property of mutual exclusion and
the liveness property of accessibility. To establish these
properties for an arbitrary number of nodes, parameterized proof
rules are used as presented in [MP95a] (for safety) and [MP94]
A new and eficient notation is introduced to facilitate
the presentation of liveness proofs by verification diagrams.
The proofs were carried out using the Stanford Temporal Prover
(STeP) [BBC95], a software package that supports
formal verification of temporal specifications of concurrent
and reactive systems.